EU: Motion for a resolution on supporting consumer rights in the digital single market – B8-0286/2014

The EU passed Motion for a resolution on supporting consumer rights in the digital single market – B8-0286/2014. It includes net neutrality provisions that also target search advertising:

9.      Stresses that all internet traffic should be treated equally, without discrimination, restriction or interference, irrespective of its sender, receiver, type, content, device, service or application;

10.    Notes that the online search market is of particular importance in ensuring competitive conditions within the digital single market, given the potential development of search engines into gatekeepers and the possibility they have of commercialising secondary exploitation of information obtained; calls, therefore, on the Commission to enforce EU competition rules decisively, based on input from all relevant stakeholders and taking into account the entire structure of the digital single market in order to ensure remedies that truly benefit consumers, internet users and online businesses; calls, furthermore, on the Commission to consider proposals aimed at unbundling search engines from other commercial services as one potential long-term means of achieving the aforementioned aims;

11.    Stresses that, when using search engines, the search process and results should be unbiased in order to keep internet searches non-discriminatory, to ensure more competition and choice for users and consumers and to maintain the diversity of sources of information; notes, therefore, that indexation, evaluation, presentation and ranking by search engines must be unbiased and transparent, and that, for interlinked services, search engines must guarantee full transparency when showing search results; calls on the Commission to prevent any abuse in the marketing of interlinked services by search engine operators;

FAQ for Future Space Lawyers

LISPL has release an FAQ for future space lawyers. Questions answered include:

How can I get an introduction to the concepts of space law?

Where can I find information about degrees in space law & policy?

Is there funding to study in these fields?

Are there internships and work placement opportunities?

What institutions around the world are involved with space law or policy?

ITAR Diplomacy? US Export Controls Blocking Space Cooperation

If true I’d call this ITAR diplomacy via US Bans Technology Export for Russian Spektr-UV Telescope Project:

US Bans Technology Export for Russian Spektr-UV Telescope Project

by Staff Writers

Moscow, Russia (Sputnik) Nov 28, 2014

The Spektr-UV project, also known as World Space Observatory-Ultraviolet, or WSO-UV, is meant to facilitate observations in the ultraviolet spectrum, which cannot be conducted by telescopes based on Earth. The Spektr-UV telescope will be similar to the US Hubble Space Telescope (HST).

The United States is trying to block the implementation of a major international project on the creation of a satellite observatory by banning the supply of certain technology to Russia, the Izvestia newspaper reported Thursday.

"…this year, the United States introduced additional restrictions on the supply of high-tech products to Russia and this has affected our contract," Boris Shustov, director of the Institute of Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences told Izvestia. . . .

Measuring the Information Society Report 2014

The ITU’s Measuring the Information Society Report 2014 has been released. The press release states that Denamrk ranked first in the ICT development index:

Denmark ranked Number One in ITU’s ICT Development Index (IDI)*, a composite measurement that ranks 166 countries according to their level of ICT access, use and skills (Chart 1). It is followed by the Republic of Korea.

The IDI top 30-ranking include countries from Europe and high-income nations from other regions including Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Japan, Macao (China), New Zealand, Singapore and the United States. Almost all countries surveyed improved their IDI ranking this year.

In terms of regional comparisons, Europe’s average IDI value of 7.14 remains well ahead of the next best-performing region, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS – 5.33), followed by the Americas (4.86), Asia & the Pacific (4.57), the Arab States (4.55), and Africa at 2.31.

The CIS and the Arab States showed the highest improvement in regional IDI averages over the past 12 months.

SAARC Leaders Call for Increased Space Cooperation

via SAARC leaders call for deeper cooperation in space technology:

SAARC leaders call for deeper cooperation in space technology
by Staff Writers
Kathmandu (XNA) Nov 27, 2014

. . . Regional collaboration in space technology must be enhanced to achieve sustainable development in South Asia, according to the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) leaders.

Addressing the inaugural session of the 18th SAARC Summit here on Wednesday, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the country is ready to develop a satellite specifically for the region by 2016.

"India will host a conference for all South Asian partners next year to strengthen our abilities to apply space technology to economic development and governance," he added.

. . . Similarly, Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa focused on enhancing "space diplomacy" to strengthen relations among the SAARC countries.

. . . To date, only two SAARC countries — India and Pakistan — have sent satellites in space, but several others are trying to follow.

Space cooperation will be discussed during the 18th SAARC Summit which began here Wednesday with focus on deeper integration among the eight South Asian neighbors — Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Reading List: Cybergovernance – 11/27/14

Censorship
Censoring the Web Isn't the Solution to Terrorism or Counterfeiting. It's the Problem. – EFF

Governance
Jon R. Lindsay & Lucas Kello, Correspondence: A Cyber Disagreement, International Security, (Vol. 39, no. 2, Fall 2014)

Hackers ‘n’ such
Hacker Lexicon: What Is End-to-End Encryption? – Wired

Surveillance & Privacy
Memo to NSA: Stop Saying You Apply the FIPPs – Lawfare

Narrowing Precedent and the Digital Fourth Amendment – Prawfs Blog

The United Nations Just Came Out Strong Against Mass Surveillance – Motherboard

Guest Post: NSA Reform — The Consequences of Failure – Just Security

Snowden-Leaks: Vodafone-Subsidiary Cable & Wireless Aided GCHQ Surveillance

New Snowden documents show how GCHQ paid a Vodaphone subsidiary assisted in mass surveillance efforts via International – Snowden-Leaks: How Vodafone-Subsidiary Cable & Wireless Aided GCHQ’s Spying Efforts:

Snowden-Leaks: How Vodafone-Subsidiary Cable & Wireless Aided GCHQ’s Spying Efforts

By Frederik Obermaier, Henrik Moltke, Laura Poitras and Jan Strozyk

Previously unpublished documents show how the UK telecom firm Cable & Wireless, acquired by Vodafone in 2012, played a key role in establishing one of the Government Communications Headquarters’ (GCHQ) most controversial surveillance programs.

A joint investigation by NDR, WDR, Süddeutsche Zeitung and Channel 4 based on documents leaked by whistleblower Edward Snowden, reveals that Cable & Wireless actively shaped and provided the most data to GCHQ mass surveillance programs, and received millions of pounds in compensation. The documents also suggest that Cable & Wireless assisted GCHQ in breaking into a competitor’s network.

In response to these allegations, Vodafone said that an internal investigation found no evidence of unlawful conduct, but the company would not deny it happened. . . .

Event: Military Space

Military Space will be held 4th March to 5th March 2015, London, United Kingdom via Military Space : Defence : UK:

The role of technology is becoming increasingly prevalent in modern warfare and the use of space in operations has grown and continues to do so. The utilisation of satellites has been one of the main areas of development; navigation and mapping has been made possible via GPS data; satellites are also being used to transfer long- range communications and are an increasingly a key component of mobile deployable systems.

SMi’s 10th annual Military Space conference will bring together leading experts in the field of space technology. Topics addressed will range from satellite communication, surveillance, missile defence as well as national updates. Hear up-to-date presentations from an international panel of speakers and learn how the militarisation of space is evolving; including military cooperation, utilisation of space data, missile defence and European approaches to space operations and the operational challenges which lay ahead.